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Question) Select the term that best describes automated attack software?
(A) Open-source intelligence
(B) Intrusion application
(C) Insider software
(D) Open-source utility
Answer:- (A) Open-source intelligence
Open-source intelligence (OSINT) is the collection and analysis of data gathered from open sources to create significant insight. It is derived from information and data that is accessible to the general public. It’s not limited to what can be found using Google, although the so-called “surface web” is a significant part.
OSINT is primarily used in national security, law enforcement, and business intelligence functions and is of worth to experts who utilize non-sensitive intelligence in answering classified, unclassified, or restrictive knowledge prerequisites across the past knowledge disciplines. The majority of the tools and techniques used to conduct open source intelligence initiatives are designed to help security experts focus their efforts on specific areas of interest.
OSINT sources can be divided into six distinct categories of information streams:
- Public government data
- Professional and academic publications
- Commercial data
- Grey literature
There are two common use cases:
- Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing
- Identifying External Threats
Why is OSINT important?
OSINT is significant in monitoring that information chaos. IT requirements to satisfy three important tasks within OSINT and an extensive variety of OSINT instruments have been created to help meet those needs.
Most tools serve each of the three functions, though many succeed in one particular area.
- Discovering public-facing assets
- Discover relevant information outside the organization
- Collate discovered information into actionable form
Top OSINT tools:
- Intelligence X
- the harvester
- Search code
- Babel X
What are Automated Attacks?
The OWASP Automated Threat Handbook provides significant insight into the most frequently used application breach techniques hackers are using.
Attack Systems: At present there are a wide variety of attack tools that are accessible to those wishing to conduct cyber attacks, going broadly in toolsets and utility. Some such tools, such as the Metasploit Framework, provide an excellent library of attacks, but a particular level of automation, and surely not autonomy. Other tools join various applications into toolchains in order to add some level of automation to the process. Although such tools are not typically independent we can as of now see autonomous or semi-autonomous examples of attack tools that are already functioning.
OWASP accepts that there should be more visibility into threat events targeting web applications using automated activities. These attacks can change in scale, duration, timing, and frequency. The most often utilized automated attacks are:
- Credential stuffing
- Application layer DDoS
- Captcha Bypass
- Card Cracking
- Credential cracking
- Cashing Out
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