➤ Computer Generation
➤ First Generation
➤ Second Generation
➤ Third Generation
➤ Fourth Generation
➤ Fifth Generation
➤ Basic of Programming
➤ Computer Systems
➤ Virtual Machine
➤ Advantages of Open Source Software
➤ Open Source Software Advantages and Disadvantages
➤ Applications of Computer in Business
Best programming language for beginners | When a beginner to the world of coding, one must always start with the easiest programming languages in the vast arena of development. Today, computers have entered almost every industry. If you’re trying to advance in your career or change careers completely and need to master a programming language, you might wonder which one to learn.
Each programming language is designed for a specific purpose and has its relative merits and demerits. Our future will be shaped by many emerging technologies, and these new technologies all run on various programming languages.
We have tried compiling a few of the easiest to learn and relevant programming languages for beginners, on the basis of popularity, ease to learn, future prospects, syntax, community support, and their application in the market.
C is a general-purpose programming language. It was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972 at Bell Laboratories. C evolved from three previous languages ALGOL, BCPAL, and B. C uses many of the important concepts of these three languages. C is a compiler-based, middle-level, and function-oriented structured programming language.
Features of C Programming
- Efficiently work
- Dynamic memory allocation
- Predefined library
Application of C Programming
- Mobile and PC games
- Operating System
- Device Drivers
- Commercial applications
You will get a deep knowledge of the C language. Just follow all these C tutorials and practice C programming examples for logical questions, after that you will have a strong base on the C programming language.
Python is a general-purpose high-level programming language. Guido van Rossum developed python in 1989 but officially made python available to the public in 1991. It is one of the most commonly used programming languages today. It’s a great first language because it’s concise and easy to read. It is dynamically typed and garbage-collected.
Python’s design philosophy emphasizes code readability with its notable use of significant indentation. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including structured (particularly, procedural), object-oriented and functional programming. It also has packages such as NumPy and SciPy that are commonly used in the fields of scientific computing, mathematics, and engineering.
Popular websites like YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, and Quora are also built on Python.
Features of Python Programming
- High-level programming language
- Simply and easy to learn
- Platform Independent
- Freeware and Open source
Application of Python Programming
- Data science
- Machine learning
- Artificial intelligence
- Back end development
- Database Applications
- Web Application
- Scientific and Numeric applications
- Desktop Application
- Iot Applications
- For Networking Application
- Image processing
- Computer vision
- Financial services
Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language developed by JetBrains, that has built world-class IDEs like IntelliJ IDEA, PhpStorm, App code, etc. It was first introduced by JetBrains in 2011. In 2017, Google announced Kotlin as an official language for android development. It is a statically typed programming language.
Kotlin is designed to interoperate fully with Java, and the JVM version of Kotlin’s standard library depends on the Java Class Library, but type inference allows its syntax to be more concise. It is an object-oriented language, and a “better language” than Java, but still be fully interoperable with Java code.
Java is a simple, high-level, and open-source programming language. Java was developed by SUN microsystems, Inc. (Sun for short) for developing internet-based, high-performance, distributed, dynamically extensible applications.
Oracle Corporation acquired Sun microsystems on January 27, 2010; Now, Java is owned by Oracle Corporation. Java was invented by James Gosling. He, with his team of 11 members, invented the Java language in SUN microsystems.
Java is not only a language it is also a platform and technology. Java is a programming language because it provides its own syntaxes and semantics for developing new programs. It’s one of the most popular and widely used programming languages, platforms, and technology.
Features of Java Programming: Simple, Secure, OOP, Robust, Portable, Interpreted, Architectural natural, Multi-Thread, High performance, Distributed, Dynamic natural, Byte coded, Garbage collector, Open Source
Applications of Java Programming: Desktop applications, Web servers, and applications servers, Enterprise applications, Mobile applications, Interoperable applications, Robotics application, Gaming applications, Database connections
You will get a deep knowledge of Java. Just follow all these Java tutorials and practice Java programming examples for logical questions, after that you will have a strong base on Java programming language.
Go is an open-source programming language designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. The designers of Go wanted developers to have a programming language that made it quick and easy to develop applications. It is a statically typed, compiled programming language. Go is used on servers, web development, and even command-line interfaces.
Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It’s a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. In addition to Google, companies using Go for certain applications include Netflix, Twitch, and Uber.
C++ is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C programming language, or “C with Classes”. C++ supports at least seven different styles of programming. Developers can choose any of the styles. After learning C++, it will be much easier to learn other programming languages like Java, Python, etc. Over time, programmers have written a large set of libraries and compilers for C++.
C++ runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX. It helps you to understand the internal architecture of a computer, how a computer stores and retrieves information. C++ has many uses and is the language behind everything from computer games to mathematical simulations.
Features of C++ Programming: General-Purpose, Multi-paradigm, Object-oriented, Better performance, Speed
Applications of C++ Programming: Application Software Development, Programming Languages Development, Games Development, Computation Programming, Operating Systems, Embedded System, Desktop apps
Ruby is a general-purpose, high-level programming language designed and developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. It is a pure object-oriented programming language. A dynamic, open-source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity.
Ruby has features that are similar to those of Smalltalk, Perl, and Python. Perl, Python, and Smalltalk are scripting languages. It has an elegant syntax that is natural to read and easy to write. It runs on a variety of platforms, such as Windows, Mac OS, and the various versions of UNIX.
Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language developed by Apple Inc. and the open-source community. First released in 2014. Writing Swift’s code is interactive and fun, the syntax is concise yet expressive, and Swift includes modern features developers love.
Swift code is safe by design, yet also produces software that runs lightning-fast. It’s an industrial-quality programming language that’s as expressive and enjoyable as a scripting language.
Swift is friendly to new programmers. Swift is a fantastic way to write software, whether it’s for phones, desktops, servers, or anything else that runs code. Swift is a powerful and intuitive programming language for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS.
R is a free software environment for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. It is freely available under the GNU General Public License, and pre-compiled binary versions are provided for various operating systems like Linux, Windows, and Mac
It was created by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and is currently developed by the R Development Core Team.
The R language is widely used among statisticians and data miners for developing statistical software and data analysis. Many large companies have adopted R in order to analyze their massive data sets, so programmers who know R are in great demand.
The PHP Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) is a general-purpose scripting language, it was originally created by Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. PHP is a programming language that allows web developers to create dynamic content that interacts with databases. PHP is basically used for developing web-based software applications.
PHP is a server-side scripting language that is embedded in HTML. It is used to manage dynamic content, databases, session tracking, and even build entire e-commerce sites. It is integrated with a number of popular databases, including MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, Sybase, Informix, and Microsoft SQL Server. PHP is the code running content-oriented websites such as Facebook, WordPress, and Wikipedia.
C# is a simple, general-purpose, modern and object-oriented programming language pronounced as “C Sharp”. It was developed by Microsoft led by Anders Hejlsberg and his team within the .NET initiative and was approved by the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA) and International Standards Organization (ISO).
It is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing static typing, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, and component-oriented programming disciplines.
We can develop different types of secured and robust applications: Window applications, Web applications, Distributed applications, Web service applications, Database applications, etc.
SQL is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS). SQL stands for Structured Query Language.
SQL is just a query language; it is not a database. To perform SQL queries, you need to install any database, for example, Oracle, MySQL, MongoDB, PostGre SQL, SQL Server, DB2, etc. It is a standard language for storing, manipulating, and retrieving data in databases.
Rust is a multi-paradigm programming language designed for performance and safety, especially safe concurrency. It is a system programming language developed by a Mozilla employee “Graydon Hoare” in 2006, with contributions from Dave Herman, Brendan Eich, and others.
Rust is blazingly fast and memory-efficient: with no runtime or garbage collector, it can power performance-critical services, run on embedded devices, and easily integrate with other languages. Rust guarantees memory safety without using the garbage collector. By avoiding garbage collectors, Rust offers numerous benefits such as cleanup of resources and no overhead of memory management.
The designers refined the language while writing the Servo layout or browser engine, and the Rust compiler. It is free and open-source software.
MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a proprietary multi-paradigm programming language and numeric computing environment developed by MathWorks. It is a fourth-generation high-level programming language and interactive environment for numerical computation, visualization, and programming.
MATLAB was first released as a commercial product in 1984 at the Automatic Control Conference in Las Vegas. It started out as a matrix programming language where linear algebra programming was simple.
MATLAB provides a vast library of mathematical functions for linear algebra, statistics, Fourier analysis, filtering, optimization, numerical integration, and solving ordinary differential equations.
Scala is a general-purpose, high-level, multi-paradigm programming language. Scala stands for Scalable language. It is a pure object-oriented programming language that also provides support to the functional programming approach. It has been created by Martin Odersky and he released the first version in 2003. It combines object-oriented and functional programming in one concise, high-level language.
Perl is a general-purpose, high-level interpreted, and dynamic programming language. It is a stable, cross-platform programming language. Perl is a programming language that was originally developed for script manipulation. But now it is used for a variety of purposes including web development, GUI development, system administration, and many more.
Perl gets most of its features from C, including variables, expressions, statements, control structures, and subroutines. It supports both procedural and Object-Oriented programming.
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