How to Separate Vowels and Consonants in a String in Python

How to Separate Vowels and Consonants in a String in Python | Previously, we had to check a character is a vowel or consonant. Here, we will discuss how to separate vowels and consonants in a string in Python.

Python Program to Separate Vowels and Consonants in a String

In this program, we are using for loop and if-else statements to separate vowels and consonants in a string.

# Python program to separate vowels and consonants in a string

string = input('String: ')

print('Vowels: ')
for ch in string:
   if ch in "AEIOUaeiou":
      print(ch, end=', ')

print('\nConsonants: ')
for ch in string:
   if ch not in "AEIOUaeiou ":
      print(ch, end=', ')

Output for the input values test-case-1:-

String: Know Program
Vowels:
o, o, a,
Consonants:
K, n, w, P, r, g, r, m,

Output for the input values test-case-2:-

String: separate
Vowels:
e, a, a, e,
Consonants:
s, p, r, t,

How to Separate Vowels and Consonants in a String in Python

We use list comprehension methods to print the vowels and the consonants in the string.

# Python program to separate vowels and consonants in a string

def vowelsConsonants(string):
   # to count and print the vowels
   vowels = [each for each in string if each in "aeiouAEIOU"]
   print('Number of vowels:', len(vowels), vowels)
    
   # to count and print the consonants
   consonants = [each for each in string if each not in "aeiouAEIOU "]
   print('Number of consonants:', len(consonants), consonants)

# inputs and call function
string = input('String: ')
vowelsConsonants(string)

Output:-

String: Vowels Consonants
Number of vowels: 5 [‘o’, ‘e’, ‘o’, ‘o’, ‘a’]
Number of consonants: 11 [‘V’, ‘w’, ‘l’, ‘s’, ‘C’, ‘n’, ‘s’, ‘n’, ‘n’, ‘t’, ‘s’]

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